In the UK, blood spot screening tests, cervical smear tests, faecal occult blood tests, and mammography are offered as nationwide screening programmes. Your doctor may recommend other tests on the basis of your age, occupation, family or personal medical history, and lifestyle factors. Some tests may be performed by your GP while others may be carried out in hospital clinics or special centres. Screening for eye disease is carried out by your optometrist during routine eye tests.
|Screening test||Disease||When recommended||Comments|
|Blood spot screening tests||Phenylketonuria, hypothyroidism, cystic fibrosis, and sometimes also other conditions||Soon after birth||Blood sample is taken for analysis from the heel of all newborn babies|
|Blood pressure measurement||Hypertension||Every 3–5 years from about the age of 20, or more frequently for those with conditions such as diabetes and/or raised blood pressure||Blood pressure is often checked during visits to the doctor. High blood pressure is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke|
|Cervical smear test||Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, cancer of the cervix||Every 3–5 years from age 20 or 25 to age 60 or 65||The invitations for this test vary depending on where you live|
|Faecal occult blood||Colorectal cancer||Every 2 years from age 50 or 60 to age 69 or 74||The invitations for this test vary depending on where you live|
|Mammography )||Breast cancer||Every 3 years from age 50 to age 70||Women aged over 70 may have mammography on request|
|Eye pressure measurement see Tonometry||Glaucoma||Every 2 years from age 40 or more frequently and from a younger age if there is a family history of glaucoma||Eye tests by an optometrist are free for people over 60 or for those at high risk of glaucoma|
From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.