The two main causes of reproductive and urinary disorders in children are abnormal development of the affected systems in the fetus and infection. Prompt treatment of urinary tract infections is important because of the risk of kidney damage.
The first articles in this section cover two disorders of the male reproductive and urinary systems, hypospadias and undescended testis, which are present at birth. In hypospadias, the opening of the urethra (the passage that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body) is on the underside of the penis rather than the tip. Undescended testis is a condition in which one testis (or rarely both) fails to descend into the scrotum before birth. Urinary tract infections, which are more common in girls, are discussed next. All children who have these infections need prompt medical treatment because the kidneys can be damaged if the infection persists. An article follows on bedwetting, a common urinary problem in childhood. The section ends with an article on Wilms’ tumour, a rare cancer of the kidney that can often be treated successfully. Circumcision is discussed elsewhere.
From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.
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