Drugs for Eye and Ear Disorders

Eye and ear problems need prompt attention because they affect our most important senses. Many infections and chronic (long-term) conditions can be treated effectively with drugs. Medication for eye and ear disorders can often be administered easily as drops or ointments.

Most eye and ear disorders are minor and clear up rapidly with appropriate treatment. More serious and persistent problems may need medical attention and long-term use of drugs.

The first article in this section discusses drugs used to treat infections and inflammation of the eye. It also covers artificial tears, which relieve dry eyes, and mydriatics, a group of drugs that are used in the treatment of the inflammatory disorder uveitis.

Drugs that are used for glaucoma, a potentially serious condition if left untreated, are described in the next article. These drugs work in a variety of ways to relieve excess accumulation of fluid in the eye. As a result, the pressure that can damage the optic nerve is relieved, thereby diminishing the likelihood of partial or complete loss of vision.

The final article in this section discusses drugs used to treat disorders of the ear. These drugs range from treatments for bacterial infections and excess earwax to treatments for nausea and vomiting, symptoms that are commonly seen in inner ear disorders and can affect the balance mechanism. Drugs that relieve nausea and vomiting are discussed further elsewhere (see Antiemetic drugs).

Key anatomy

For more information on the structure and function of the eyes and ears, see Eyes and Vision and Ears, Hearing, and Balance.

Eye

Ear

Drugs Acting on the Eye

Drugs for Glaucoma

Drugs Acting on the Ear

From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.

The subjects, conditions and treatments covered in this encyclopaedia are for information only and may not be covered by your insurance product should you make a claim.

Back to top