Vision and hearing are important to a child’s development because the eyes and ears collect information about the environment and play a key role in the acquisition of speech and language. Eye and ear disorders are often diagnosed during routine examinations in childhood.
The first article covers congenital blindness, in which a child is born with impaired vision. The following articles discuss conditions such as strabismus, in which vision is affected due to misalignment of the gaze of the eyes, and amblyopia, in which a child’s vision fails to develop normally. The remaining articles cover ear disorders that affect children, beginning with congenital deafness. A common cause of earache in children is acute otitis media. Chronic secretory otitis media is covered in the following article. Eye and ear disorders that can affect people of any age are covered in other sections of the guide (see Eyes and vision, and Ears, hearing, and balance).
From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.
The subjects, conditions and treatments covered in this encyclopaedia are for information only and may not be covered by your insurance product should you make a claim.