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Test: Endometrial Sampling

During endometrial sampling a small sample of tissue is removed from the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) to investigate symptoms such as heavy vaginal bleeding and to rule out cancer of the uterus. The sample is examined under a microscope for abnormalities. The procedure may be slightly uncomfortable but usually lasts for only a few minutes and does not require anaesthesia.

During the procedure

An instrument called a speculum is used to hold the vagina open while a thin, flexible tube is inserted into the uterus. A small sample of tissue is then drawn into the tube by vacuum suction.

From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.

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