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Test: Prostate Gland Biopsy

A prostate gland biopsy is used to diagnose prostate cancer. In the most common type of biopsy, an ultrasound probe is inserted into the rectum in order to visualize the prostate. A hollow needle is passed through the probe and into the prostate several times, removing pieces of tissue for examination. After the biopsy, urine and semen may contain blood for several days.

The procedure

A slight pricking sensation may be felt as each biopsy sample is taken. In most cases, a local anaesthetic may be given beforehand.

Results

Prostate cancer

This prostate tissue sample shows normal and cancerous cells.

From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.

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