When a vaginal delivery does not progress smoothly, a baby may need an assisted delivery. This sometimes occurs if the mother is too exhausted to push the baby out or the baby becomes stuck or distressed. In these circumstances, the doctor may use vacuum suction or forceps to assist the delivery. An episiotomy to enlarge the birth opening is usually carried out just before an assisted delivery.
From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.