People with end-stage kidney failure may be treated with a kidney transplant, which can take over the function of both diseased kidneys. An organ may be donated by a living relative or spouse or by someone who has consented to the use of his or her organs after death. The new kidney is sited in the pelvis and the diseased kidneys are usually left in place. A successful kidney transplant avoids the need for dialysis and often allows a return to a normal lifestyle.
From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.