Although the rules around auto enrolment mean that you need to add all eligible employees to your workplace pension, they can choose to opt out if they’d rather not be a member.
When your employees can opt out
There’s a limited amount of time in which an employee can opt out of your workplace pension. This is known as the opt out window.
Once all eligible staff have been auto-enrolled, they have one calendar month to opt out of the workplace pension and get a full refund of any pension contributions that have been made. The opt-out window will start from the date that active membership began. This happens on the later of the day on which you give the employee their enrolment information and when we give them the terms and conditions of the pension you have set up for them.
How to opt out
To opt out of the workplace pension, your employees must complete and return an opt out notice. The opt out notice is a safeguard to ensure that it’s an employee’s decision to opt out, rather than the employer’s.
If you have an Aviva workplace pension, your employees will receive information on how to opt out in the welcome pack we'll send them. There’s also the option of calling our dedicated opt out line on 0800 056 3192. Our lines are open Monday to Friday 8:00am – 8.00pm, Saturday 8.30am – 5.00pm & Sunday 10.00am – 4.00pm.
If you’re not using Aviva’s Company Pension, your employee will need to obtain an opt-out form from your pension provider. When an employee submits an opt out notice you’ll need to check that it’s valid. Along with the date when the form was completed and the name of their employer, a valid opt out notice includes the employee’s:
- Full name
- National Insurance number or date of birth
The opt out notice must also contain the following statements, which give your employees more information about opting out and their rights as an employee:
- ‘Your employer cannot ask you or force you to opt out.’
- ‘If you are asked or forced to opt out, you can tell The Pensions Regulator.’
- ‘If you change your mind, you may be able to opt back in – write to your employer if you want to do this.’
- ‘If you stay opted out of the scheme, your employer will normally put you back into pension saving in around three years.’
- ‘If you change your job, your new employer will normally put you back into pension saving straight away.’
- ‘If you have another job, your other employer might also put you into pension saving, now or in the future. The notice only allows you to opt out of pension saving with the employer you name in the notice. A separate notice must be filled out and given to any other employer you work for, if you wish to opt out of that employer’s pension saving as well.’
The following declaration must be included before the employee’s signature:
- ‘I wish to opt out of the pension scheme’
- ‘I understand that if I opt out, I will lose the right to pension contributions from my employer’
- ‘I understand that if I opt out, I may have a lower income when I retire’
What to do once you’ve received an opt-out notice
Once a valid opt-out notice has been received, you should immediately stop taking contributions from the employee’s salary, and refund any deductions that have been taken. There’ll be no need to assess the employee’s earnings again until your re-enrolment date.
If an employee opts out the first time they’re auto-enrolled, this effectively means they’ve never been a member of your workplace pension. We will tell you when an employee opts out, so you can stop contributions. We will also pay any refunds that are due.
As an employer, you’re required to keep either the original or a copy of the opt-out notice for four years, either electronically or on paper. Scheme administrators also need to keep the following information.
For four years:
- The names of any employees that have opted out of the pension scheme
- The date that the employer notified the pension scheme that the employee had opted out
For six years:
- The date on which active membership of the pension scheme was ceased by the employee
What your employees should consider before opting out
Before any of your employees decide whether they want to opt out, there are a couple of important points to consider.
- Pension contributions that they make currently receive tax relief from the Government, and can provide a tax-efficient way to save. Tax benefits are subject to change and will depend on the employees' individual circumstances.
- By opting out of the workplace pension, they’ll no longer be entitled to receive employer pension contributions
How your employees can opt back into the workplace pension
Employees who meet the criteria to be auto-enrolled into your workplace pension can opt back in at any time. To do so, they need to submit an opt in notice, which is only valid if:
- It is in writing (this includes email)
- It is signed by the employee that wrote it. If it’s sent by email, it must include a statement from the employee confirming that they personally submitted it
Once the opt-in notice is received, you must identify the date that you received it and enrol the employee within six weeks of that date. You should then pay contributions if they’re a jobholder at the time of submitting the opt-in notice.
You can refuse the opt-in application if the employee opted out or stopped contributions within the last twelve months.