In addition to everyday injuries and fractures, most bone, muscle, and joint problems in children fall into two broad categories: problems that are present at birth and those associated with the changes that occur during the growth spurt of puberty. Early treatment of most of these conditions improves the likelihood of recovery and reduces the risk of complications.
This section begins with articles on three conditions that may be present at birth: developmental dysplasia of the hip, clubfoot, and achondroplasia, which is caused by an abnormal gene. These are followed by musculoskeletal conditions that may develop later in childhood and around puberty. These conditions include two that affect the femur (thighbone), Perthes’ disease and slipped femoral epiphysis, as well as Osgood–Schlatter disease, which causes inflammation of the tibia (shinbone). Minor foot and leg problems, such as flat feet and bow legs, which are often part of normal development, are also covered. The final article discusses the joint disorder juvenile chronic arthritis. Musculoskeletal disorders that affect adults in addition to children are included in the main section on the musculoskeletal system.
For more information on the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system, see Musculoskeletal System.
From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.
The subjects, conditions and treatments covered in this encyclopaedia are for information only and may not be covered by your insurance product should you make a claim.