Procedure: Having Minimally Invasive Surgery

Minimally invasive surgery allows the surgeon to examine and treat disorders in body cavities, such as the abdomen, through small incisions. An endoscope (a tube-like viewing instrument with a light source and a camera) is inserted through one incision to provide a view of the cavity.

During the procedure

In an abdominal procedure, such as an operation on the gallbladder, several tiny incisions are made in the wall of the abdomen. Gas is pumped in to inflate the abdomen to create space, and the endoscope is inserted. Using the view provided by the endoscope on a monitor as a guide, the surgeon inserts and manipulates instruments.

Inside the abdomen


Endoscope view

This endoscopic view displayed on a monitor shows forceps being used to grasp the gallbladder ready for its removal.

From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.

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