Self-help: Examining your Testes

Cancer of the testis is one of the most easily treated cancers if it is diagnosed at an early stage. For this reason, all men should examine their testes regularly to check for lumps or swellings. An early cancerous tumour can usually be felt as a hard lump embedded in the surface of the testis. This lump is not usually tender when pressed. Soft swellings in the testis may be harmless cysts, and painful swellings are often due to infection. You should also check for changes in the skin of the scrotum. If you detect any change in the normal appearance or texture of your testes or scrotum, consult your doctor immediately.

How to examine your testes

After a bath or shower, when the scrotum is relaxed, carefully feel across the entire surface of each testis by rolling each one slowly between fingers and thumb. Check for lumps or swellings and be thorough.

From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.

The subjects, conditions and treatments covered in this encyclopaedia are for information only and may not be covered by your insurance product should you make a claim.

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