Structure: Female Reproductive System

The internal organs of the female reproductive system are all located in the lower third of the abdomen. The ovaries store and release eggs, which pass along the fallopian tubes into the uterus. The vagina connects the uterus to the outside of the body. The visible external organs are collectively known as the vulva and consist of the sexually sensitive clitoris surrounded by folds of skin called the labia, which protect the entrances to the vagina and the urethra. Just inside the entrance to the vagina lie the two Bartholin’s glands, which secrete a fluid that contributes to lubrication during sex.

Front view

Cells of vaginal lining

The lining of the vagina secretes acidic fluid to prevent infection.

The vulva

The labia prevent damage occurring to the delicate tissues of the clitoris and protect the entrances to the vagina and the urethra.

Cross section of an ovary

An ovary contains egg follicles at different stages of development, as shown here.

From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.

The subjects, conditions and treatments covered in this encyclopaedia are for information only and may not be covered by your insurance product should you make a claim.

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