Test and Treatment: Arthroscopy

In arthroscopy, the inside of a joint is inspected with a viewing instrument called an arthroscope. The procedure is most commonly used to inspect the inside of the knee joint and to treat disorders such as a damaged cartilage. It is usually performed under general anaesthesia. The arthroscope is inserted into the joint through a small incision in the skin. Surgical instruments can then be passed down through the arthroscope or through the incisions. During the examination, the surgeon can remove or repair tissue, such as damaged cartilage, or shave the surface of the patella (kneecap).

Surgical procedure

An arthroscope and a probe are inserted into the joint. The probe can be used to manipulate the cartilage and improve the view.

Inside the knee

From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.

The subjects, conditions and treatments covered in this encyclopaedia are for information only and may not be covered by your insurance product should you make a claim.

Back to top