Treatment: Shunt for Hydrocephalus

A shunt is a drainage tube inserted into the brain to treat hydrocephalus, a disorder in which cerebrospinal fluid builds up in the brain cavities. The shunt diverts the excess fluid to another part of the body where it can be absorbed into the bloodstream. The fluid is released through a valve when pressure increases and drains into either the abdominal cavity or, rarely, a chamber in the heart.

Inserting the shunt

The tip of the shunt is inserted through the skull into the fluid-filled cavity in the brain. The drainage tube is then passed under the skin and ends in the abdomen.

From the 2010 revision of the Complete Home Medical Guide © Dorling Kindersley Limited.

The subjects, conditions and treatments covered in this encyclopaedia are for information only and may not be covered by your insurance product should you make a claim.

Back to top